the Royal Engineers; and she inherited Rossend.
These Taylors and Beatsons did not belong to Caithness, Robert Beatson succeeded to Rossend though his mar- riage to Mr. Campbell's only daughter.
It has been supposed that Murdoch Campbell, writer, was a grandson of Murdoch in Brubster, the son-in-law, and perhaps the nephew (as supposed), of Patrick Buey Campbell of Quarrycrook, and son of William Campbell, called William Beag, or Dorcry, afterwards in Brubster, who was not improbably a brother, and certainly a near relative of Patrick Buey Campbell of Quarrycrook, Farquhar (M'Iver) in Rumsdale, and Alexander Camp- bell of Comliefoot. It is certain that Murdoch Campbell in Brubster had at least one son, for, as appears from a contract of marriage in July 1721, William Campbell, his son, married Janet, daughter of Sir James Sinclair of Dunbeath. She is supposed to have been an illegitimate daughter, as Sir James did not marry earlier than 1705, and there is no mention of this daughter otherwise. William Campbell was at the time of his marriage in Milton of Dunbeath, and in 1753 he was in Wester- Latheron. In 1733 he got a wadset from Sir James over Milbuy of Houstry, to himself and his wife, and their eldest son, James, afterwards in IDysart; and it may be that Murdoch Campbell of IRossend was another of his sons. When a young man, Murdoch appears to have been a clerk in the office of James and Hugo Campbell, the supposed connections of his family.


The traditional account of the Caithness Hendersons is that they are descended from Henry Gunn, a younger son of George Gunn, who was chief of the clan in the fifteenth century. After the slaughter of their chief and several of his sons in a combat with the Keiths, a family difference led to Henry separating himself from his sur- viving brothers, and settling in the lowlands of Caith- ness. In 1594 we find mention of a champion of the clan Gunn, named Donald Mac-William Mac-Hendric, who may have had something to say in the matter of the Hender- son patronymic; but the popular account is, as has been said, that they are the descendants of Henry Gunn.

I. Donald Henderson, who was in Stemster in 1680, had two Sons:-
1. David, who is said to have settled in Zetland.
2. Alexander.

II. In the year 1700 Alexander Henderson got a general disposition of moveables from his father (who appears to have been in easy circumstances), and in 1706 he resided in Lochside. He married Anna or Agnes


Murray, sister-german of Ranald Murray, in Bowertower. In 1726 he was tacksman of Stemster, and in 1736 he became tenant of Gerston, where he resided till his death in 1743.
He had an only son and four, if not five, daughters:-
1. David.
1. Christian, who married, in 1726, Francis Swanson, son of William Swanson in Stemster, who be- came tenant of Gerston in 1751 or 1752, and whose descendants were the tenants till 1872.
2. Margaret, who married Adam Henderson, son of Benjamin Henderson in Achalibster, from whom are descended the family of Hendersons, some- time in Clyth.
3. Anne, who married Donald Henderson, second laird of Westerdale.
4. Barbara, the youngest daughter, who married, in 1751, Alexander Sinclair, the last laird of Dun, being his second wife. She had no issue.
5. There seems to have been in 1754 another daugh- ter named Elizabeth, who was apparently then unmarried.

III. David Henderson occupied the farm of Gerston for some time after 1748, and in 1750 he purchased Stemster from Sir Benjamin Sinclair for 21,500 merks. He married Cecilia, daughter of William Honyman of Græmsay, another of whose daughters was married to


Taylor of Thura, and a third daughter to the Reverend Mr. Nicolson of Shebster.
The Honymans claim to be descended, in the female line, from Robert Stewart, first Earl of Orkney, natural son of James V., whose grand-daughter, Mary, was married to Stewart of Græmsay. Their only daughter and heiress, Mary, married Andrew Honyman, who was Bishop of Orkney from 1664 to 1676; and the Bishop was grandfather of William Honyman. of Græmsay. Bishop Honyman was a son of David Honyman of Pitcairchney, and he had a brother, George, who was minister of Stromness1 in 1672. The Bishop "did many good and charitable deeds," including the slating and repairing of the church of Sandwick, and died in 1676.
David Henderson of Stemster had four Sons and three daughters:-
1. William.
2. Alexander, his successor.
3. Patrick, who died in Demerara.
4. John, who died in Jamaica.
1. Mary, who married the Reverend Robert Gunn, minister of Latheron.
2. Anne, who married, in 1779, the Reverend William Gunn, minister of Golspie from 1776 to 1785, when he died. She lived until 1841.
3. Margaret, who died unmarried, in 1864, aged ninety-seven.


1 "Fasti Eccles. Scot."


IV. Alexander Henderson of Stemster was in early life for a short time in the Royal Navy. He married Margaret, daughter of William Duthie of Ar- duthie, and he had five sons and four daughters:-
1. David, his successor, retired from the army as captain in 1816.
2. Alexander Davidson, who was in the Indian Army, and was drowned in the Persian Gulf.
3. William Honyman, C.B., who was a post-captain in the Royal Navy, and died in November 1855. He married Elizabeth, widow of Lord James Townshend, K.C.H. He had no issue.
4. James, of Bilbster and Rosebank, Wick, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Kenneth M'Leay of Newmore, and has issue, two sons and four daughters, and who died 1879, aged eighty-one.
5. Patrick, who was major in the Indian Army, and died in 1873 unmarried.
1. Margaret, who died in 1879 unmarried.
2. Mary, who married Charles Chalmers of Monkshill, Esq., advocate, Aberdeen, and had issue.
3. Johanna, died 1880, unmarried.
4. Cecilia.
V. David Henderson of Stemster married Marjory, eldest daughter of Colonel Benjamin Williamson of Banniskirk. He died in 1859, and had three sons and four daughters. He was succeeded by his eldest son,


Alexander Henderson, now of Stemster, who married. Susan, daughter of Allan M'Farlane, Esq., and his wife, Margaret, daughter of John Home, Esq. of Stirkoke, and. has issue.1


1 The family of Stemster is con- nected through Mrs. Marjory William- son with the families of Sutherlands of
Langwell and Forse and Sinclairs of Southdun and Ulbster.


From the middle of the seventeenth century to the early part of the eighteenth, we find various Hendersons, -such as Hendersons, portioners of Brabsterdorran from 1642 to 1695; Hendersons in Wester Nottingham, and in Rumster and Rangag, on the estate of Forse, and wadsetters of Gersay in Watten from 1655 to 1738, supposed to be descended from the Hendersons of Brabsterdorran Hendersons in Stemster, from 1680 downwards; and Hendersons in Sibster, afterwards in Achalibster and Westerdale, from 1660; and it is probable that they were all more or less related, although it may now be difficult to trace a common ancestry.
From Donald Henderson, who, when in Sibster, married Elizabeth Sinclair, daughter of Robert, fourth son of James Sinclair of Borlum and Thura, are descended the Hendersons of Achalibster and Westerdale. Donald Henderson was in Achalibster in 1660, and then got from the Earl of Caithness a wadset for a thousand merks of the twopenny-halfpenny lands of Westerdale,

the halfpenny lands of Croft of Dale and Southside of Burn of Ulgrimbeg.
He had two sons and a daughter:-
1. Robert.
2. David, first of Westerdale.
1. Janet, who is mentioned as "daughter of Donald Henderson in Achalibster and Elizabeth Sinclair." She married Adam Sutherland in Langwell, second son of William Sutherland of Langwell.

I. Robert Henderson possessed in 1699 the two- penny lands of Westerdale, and in 1703 he is named as portioner of Dale. He married Anna Dunbar, an illegitimate daughter of Sir William Dunbar of Hemp- riggs, who, in 1701, granted to him and his wife and their first and second sons, William and Benjamin, a wadset of the twopence-halfpenny lands of Tormsdale. In 1718 Sir William Dunbar, as Justiciary Depute and Sheriff of Caithness, appointed him Procurator-Fiscal of the county. In so far as appears, his children were:-
1. William in Achaldall, now called wadset lands of Westerdale, and in Tormsdale in 1725 and 1726, which he possessed as heir to his father in the wadset. He gave a lease of Tormsdale to his brother, Benjamin.
2. Benjamin.
1. Anna.
Benjamin Henderson possessed Achalibster, and

2 o


married in 1716 his cousin-german, Esther, daughter of Adam Sutherland in Langwell, and grand-daughter of William Sutherland of Langwell. He died before 1739, leaving a son, Adam.
Lieutenant Adam Henderson in Achaldall or wadset lands, was in 1749 tacksman of Achinarras. In 1739 he married Margaret, daughter of Alexander Henderson in Stemster and Gerston, and had with her a tocher of one thousand merks. He had a son and two daughters:-
1. Benjamin.
1. Esther, who lived with her mother for many years at Halkirk.
2. Janet, better known as Miss Jenny," who died in Edinburgh at an advanced age.
Benjamin Henderson was tacksman of Clyth, and married his relative, Elizabeth, daughter of James Suther- land of Swiney, a great-great-grand-daughter of William Sutherland of Langwell. He had four sons and six daughters:-
1. John, who was drowned in Wick Bay along with his mother about 1806.
2. Adam, who went to the West Indies.
3. Dr. James, who occupied Clyth for many years, and down to 18--. He carried on a herring fishery extensively, and expended considerable sums on the harbour and farm of Clyth. Before settling in Clyth he was acting assistant-surgeon in the 3d Foot for some years, and afterwards he


acquired considerable reputation in the north as a medical practitioner. A few years before his death, which took place at Glasgow on 11th April 1848, he took the degree of M.D. at the University of Edinburgh.
4. William was a gentleman of some literary acquire- ments, and was for many years engaged in various educational establishments in Scotland and England. Ultimately he went to Bombay as a teacher in one of the Church of Scotland schools. At the Disruption, in 1843, he joined the Free Church, but falling into bad health he returned to England, where he died unmarried about 1849 or 1850.
Benjamin Henderson's daughters were Jean, Mar- garet, Anne, Elizabeth, Jessie, Alexis, and Benjamina, all of whom died. unmarried. Alexis, his last surviving daughter, died at Barnstaple on 25th March 1874, and the family is now extinct.

II. David Henderson, the second son, as is sup- posed, of Donald in Achalibster and wadset lands of Westerdale, got from Lord Glenorchy, in 1708, a charter of the sevenpenny and two farthing and an octo lands of Westerdale. He had a son, Donald.
Donald Henderson of Westerdale married Anne, daughter of Alexander Henderson in Stemster and Gerston. He had a son, Alexander.


Alexander Henderson married Janet Campbell of the Campbells in Ausdale, and had three sons and a daughter:-
1. Donald, who married and left issue, but did not succeed to Westerdale.
2. William, who occupied during his lifetime Upper Westerdale, and died unmarried.
3. David of Westerdale, to which by som.e family arrangement he got a disposition from his grand- father. He occupied Ballintunich or Lower Westerdale, and died in 1860 unmarried.
1. Elizabeth, who married William Angus, Thurso, and left no issue.


After the middle of the seventeenth century we find frequent mention of William Henderson of Nottingham, he being the same person who, as William Rorisone, married, in 1655, Janet Gordon, relict of James Suther- land of Forse. After her first husband's death Janet Gordon was styled "Lady Nottingham," having, no doubt, had the liferent of these lands, and thus Wil- liam Henderson was also designed of Nottingham. He apjears to have been a person of some substance, from the bonds and obligations to him appearing on the records, and from the traditional account of his family he seems to have been the son of Roderick Henderson (whence his surname of Rorisone), who was the eldest son of Hugh Henderson, one of the portioners who possessed at one time the lands of Brabsterdorran. His contract of marriage is dated 31st January 1655, and in 1676 he obtained a wadset from Lord Glenorchy of the feu and teind duties of Gersay and Coghill in Watten, to himself in liferent and to his son, John, in fee. By Janet Gordon he had two sons, John and David.


As fiar under the wadset in 1676 John was styled of Gersay; and dying without issue, he was succeeded by David.
David Henderson of Gersay married in 1680 Margaret, daughter of Colonel Francis Sinclair in Scrabster (son of John Sinclair, first of Assery) and his wife, Anne, daughter of Francis Sinclair of Stirkoke. In his con- tract of marriage (June 1680) he is called "lawful son of William Henderson of Nottingham and Janet Gordon."
In 1689 and 1697 he disponed the wadset to Sir Robert Dunbar of Northfield, and of the subsequent history of his family there is no account.


The ancestor of this family appears to have been Andrew Williamson of Achorlie, who got a feu-charter of these lands from the Earl of Caithness in 1665. He is said to have fought at Aultimarloch, on the side of the Sinclairs, and to have been killed there, and his body carried for burial to Spittal, where the Gunns (from whom the Williamsons are reputed to be descended) had their burial-place.

I. Donald Williamson, son of Andrew Williamson of Achorlie, was a merchant in Thurso, and in 1691 and. 1692 he was a bailie of the town. He purchased Bannis- kirk in 1691, and the present estate of Banniskirk includes Achorlie. He married Katharine Rorison, sister of Bailie Rorison, merchant in Thurso, and had a son and a daughter:-
1. Benjamin, his successor.
1. Janet, who, in 1713, married Malcolm Henderson, in Stemster, Reay. He had a son, Adam, who was in Stemster in 1753.

II. Benjamin Williamson of Banniskirk married